it or not, the first cookies were created by accident. In fact a
lot of the famous history of cookies is filled with accidents. The
very first cookies were just an oven temperature test. Early bakers
used very small amounts of cake batter to test their oven temperatures
before baking the final cake. These little test cakes were called
"koekje", which means "little cake" in Dutch.
By accident, the first "cookies" came into being.
American cookbooks show that the earlier versions were called "Tea
Cakes". Our simple "butter cookies" strongly resemble
the English tea cakes and the Scotch shortbread. The English also
call them biscuits. The Spanish call them galletas, the Germans
call the kels and in Italy there are several names to identify various
forms of cookies including Amaretti and Biscotti.
country has its favorite kind of cookie. In the U.K. it is shortbread,
in France it is sablés and macaroons, and in Italy biscotti.
And the favorite cookie in America and Canada is the Chocolate Chip
Cookie. In fact at least half of the cookies baked in American homes
are chocolate chip. Like many other great discoveries, the chocolate
chip cookie was also a accident.
invented chocolate chip cookies at the Toll House Inn she and her
husband Keneth ran near Whitman, Massachusetts. Like a bed and breakfast
she made food for her guests. One evening in 1937 she got the idea
to make a chocolate butter cookie so she broke up one of the bars
of semi-sweet chocolate that Andrew Nestle gave her. She thought
that it would mix together with the dough and produce all chocolate
cookies . Needless to say, it didn't. However the cookies came out
decent so she served them. They of course were so good they had
to be done again. She published the recipes in several newspapers
and the recipe became very popular.
her cookie, the Chocolate Crunch Cookie. She also struck a business
deal with Nestle that allow Nestle to put the recipe on their chocolate
bar if they supplied her with free chocolate for her cookies at
the Inn. Nestle was so enamoured with the whole concept that they
included a small chopper in the package. The popularity of the cookie
grew by leaps and bound and in 1939, the Chocolate Morsels that
we know today were introduced.
Below is the
original toll house recipe which hasn't changed much over the years.
Wakefields Original Toll House Cookie Recipe
2 1/4 cups all-purpose
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon salt
1 cup (2 sticks) butter or margarine, softened
3/4 cup granulated sugar
3/4 cup packed brown sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
2 large eggs
1 2/3 cups (11-oz. pkg.)
1 cup chopped nuts
to 375° F.
baking soda and salt in small bowl. Beat butter, granulated sugar,
brown sugar and vanilla extract in large mixer bowl until creamy.
Add eggs one at a time, beating well after each addition. Gradually
beat in flour mixture. Stir in morsels and nuts. Drop by rounded
tablespoon onto ungreased baking sheets.
BAKE for 9 to
11 minutes or until golden brown. Cool on baking sheets for 2 minutes;
remove to wire racks to cool completely.
PAN COOKIE VARIATION:
GREASE 15 x 10-inch jelly-roll pan. Prepare dough as above. Spread
into prepared pan. Bake for 20 to 25 minutes or until golden brown.
Cool in pan on wire rack. Makes 4 dozen bars.